Osteoporosis is a common bone disease that develops when the body loses too much bone mass, does not regenerate enough new bone tissue, or both issues occur. Bones mainly consist of calcium and phosphorus, but the level of these essential minerals dramatically decreases in patients with osteoporosis. As the bones begin to lose minerals that provide structural support, the skeleton gradually becomes brittle and prone to fractures.
It is estimated that more than 200 million people worldwide are suffering from osteoporosis.
Bone fractures caused by osteoporosis have become very costly and dangerous, as this disorder is responsible for about 2 million fractures each year. Many people who have a fracture related to osteoporosis also spend considerable time in the hospital and in rehabilitation. This is particularly the case for adults over the age of 50 with osteoporosis, who may need to spend extended periods of time in a nursing home to receive proper care.
Furthermore, a person with a hip fracture has a 20 percent chance of dying within six months to one year following the fracture. The incidence of death after a hip fracture is higher in men than in women.
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