Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of neuromuscular disorders, with an emphasis on the spine. Chiropractors believe that these disorders can be caused by a misalignment of the spine, called a subluxation, which can interfere with the normal functioning of the nervous system and lead to pain and other symptoms.
The main treatment used by chiropractors is spinal manipulation, also known as a chiropractic adjustment. This involves using the hands to apply a controlled, sudden force to a joint of the spine. The goal of the adjustment is to restore the normal movement and alignment of the spine, which in turn helps to relieve pain and improve the overall function of the body.
Chiropractors also use other techniques such as soft-tissue therapy, exercise, and lifestyle counseling to help patients manage pain and improve their overall health. Chiropractic is often used to treat musculoskeletal conditions such as back pain, neck pain, and headaches, as well as conditions such as asthma and colic in children.